It’s impossible to know who the very first man in the world was, as the concept of “first man” is steeped in religious and cultural beliefs, and the origin of our species, Homo sapiens, goes back millions of years. However, we can look at the history of our species and explore the earliest known examples of anatomically modern humans, or Homo sapiens sapiens, and the cultural and technological developments that accompanied their rise.
The earliest known anatomically modern humans, also known as AMH, lived in Africa around 300,000 years ago. They were hunter-gatherers who used stone tools to survive. These early humans were physically similar to modern humans but had smaller brains and more robust features.
The earliest known evidence of art, which is often seen as an important marker of human behavior and intelligence, comes from the Blombos Cave in South Africa. The cave contains ochre stones with engraved geometric designs that are thought to date back to 70,000 BCE.
Another important development in the history of human culture is the creation of language. It’s difficult to know when exactly language emerged, as there is no direct archaeological evidence, but it is thought to have emerged around 50,000 to 100,000 years ago. Language allowed humans to communicate complex ideas and pass on knowledge and skills from one generation to the next.
As humans migrated out of Africa and across the globe, they adapted to their environments and developed new cultural practices and technologies. In Europe, for example, the Upper Paleolithic period saw the development of sophisticated cave art, bone and antler tools, and the first musical instruments.
The earliest known human settlements, such as the Natufian culture in the Levant, date back to around 12,000 BCE. These settlements were based on agriculture and allowed humans to settle in one place and build complex societies.
As human societies grew more complex, they developed systems of governance and religious beliefs. The first recorded civilizations, such as Sumer and Egypt, emerged around 4000 BCE and are known for their impressive architectural feats, such as the pyramids of Giza and ziggurats of Mesopotamia.