Mohenjo-Daro is an ancient city in the Sindh province of present-day Pakistan. The name Mohenjo-Daro means “Mound of the Dead” in Sindhi. It was one of the largest cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, which existed from around 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE.

Here are some key facts about Mohenjo-Daro:

  1. Age: The city was built around 2500 BCE and was inhabited for around 700 years before it was abandoned.
  2. Location: Mohenjo-Daro is located in the Larkana District of the Sindh province of Pakistan. It is situated on the right bank of the Indus River.
  3. Discovery: The city was discovered in the 1920s by British archaeologist Sir John Marshall.
  4. Layout: The city was built on a grid system with straight streets and rectangular blocks. It was divided into two parts, the Citadel and the Lower City.
  5. Architecture: Mohenjo-Daro was a well-planned city with advanced architecture. The houses were made of baked bricks and featured sophisticated drainage systems, public baths, and granaries.
  6. Artifacts: Archaeologists have found a number of artifacts at Mohenjo-Daro, including seals, pottery, and figurines. One of the most famous artifacts is the Dancing Girl, a bronze statue that is over 4,500 years old.
  7. Decline: The reason for the decline of Mohenjo-Daro is still unclear. Some scholars suggest that the city was destroyed by an invasion, while others believe that environmental factors, such as climate change and a decrease in the flow of the Indus River, may have played a role.

Overall, Mohenjo-Daro provides valuable insights into the civilization and culture of the ancient Indus Valley.

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