Nalanda University 10 Fact

  1. Nalanda University was an ancient center of learning located in present-day Bihar, India. It was founded in the 5th century AD and remained an influential educational institution for several centuries.
  2. Nalanda University was one of the first residential universities in the world, with students and teachers residing on campus. It had dormitories, lecture halls, libraries, and other facilities.
  3. The university attracted scholars and students from various parts of the world, including India, China, Tibet, Korea, and Central Asia. It served as a vibrant hub for intellectual exchange and cultural diversity.
  4. Nalanda University offered a wide range of subjects, including astronomy, mathematics, medicine, philosophy, linguistics, literature, and Buddhist studies. It had specialized departments for different fields of study.
  5. The library of Nalanda University was renowned for its vast collection of books and manuscripts. It is believed to have housed millions of texts on various subjects, making it one of the largest libraries of its time.
  6. The university had a rigorous academic system with a hierarchy of degrees. Students had to pass through different levels of study and examinations to obtain higher degrees.
  7. Nalanda University had an impressive faculty comprising renowned scholars and teachers. Some of the notable teachers associated with the university include Aryadeva, Nagarjuna, Dharmapala, and Chandrakirti.
  8. The decline of Nalanda University began in the 12th century due to invasions and attacks by foreign forces, including the Turkish army led by Bakhtiyar Khilji. The university was ransacked and destroyed, leading to its abandonment.
  9. The ruins of Nalanda University were rediscovered in the 19th century and have since been excavated. The archaeological remains provide valuable insights into the architectural and educational aspects of the ancient university.
  10. Efforts have been made to revive Nalanda University as a modern institution of higher learning. In 2014, the revived Nalanda University was inaugurated as an international institution, focusing on interdisciplinary studies with an emphasis on Buddhist philosophy, ecology, and sustainable development.

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