The Indian National Flag, also known as the Tiranga, has a rich and fascinating history that dates back to the early 20th century. The first version of the flag was designed in 1921 by Pingali Venkayya, a freedom fighter from Andhra Pradesh.
The original design of the flag had two colors, red and green, representing the two major religions of India, Hindus and Muslims, respectively. The red color symbolized Hinduism and the green color symbolized Islam. In the center of the flag, there was a spinning wheel, which represented the progress of the nation.
However, Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement, suggested adding a third color, white, to represent all other religions and communities in India. The spinning wheel was also replaced by the Ashoka Chakra, a symbol of Buddhism and the wheel of law.
The final design of the Indian National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on July 22, 1947, just a few weeks before India gained independence from British rule on August 15, 1947. The flag was designed to represent the unity, diversity, and freedom of India.
The Indian National Flag has three equal horizontal bands of saffron (top), white (middle), and green (bottom) with a navy blue Ashoka Chakra in the center of the white band. The saffron color represents courage and sacrifice, the white color represents peace and truth, and the green color represents fertility and prosperity. The Ashoka Chakra has 24 spokes and represents the wheel of law, as well as the 24 hours of the day.
Today, the Indian National Flag is an important symbol of national pride and identity, and is widely respected and revered by the people of India. It is flown on important national occasions and festivals, and is a constant reminder of India’s rich cultural heritage, diversity, and independence.