Ram Setu, also known as Adam’s Bridge, is a chain of limestone shoals that stretches from the Pamban Island near Rameswaram in India to the Mannar Island in Sri Lanka. According to Hindu mythology, Ram Setu was built by Lord Rama and his army of monkeys to reach Lanka and rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.

The legend of Ram Setu dates back to the ancient Indian epic, Ramayana. The epic tells the story of Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who was exiled from his kingdom and went on a quest to rescue his wife, Sita, who was abducted by Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. With the help of an army of monkeys led by Hanuman, Lord Rama built a bridge across the sea to reach Lanka. The bridge, which was believed to have been built by Lord Rama’s army of monkeys, came to be known as Ram Setu.

The scientific explanation for the formation of Ram Setu is that it is a natural bridge formed by the accumulation of sand, silt, and coral debris over thousands of years. However, the bridge has been a subject of controversy in recent times, with some claiming that it is a man-made structure.

In 2007, the Indian government proposed a project to dredge a shipping canal through Ram Setu, which sparked a nationwide debate and protests from various Hindu organizations. The government later withdrew the proposal, citing environmental concerns.

Ram Setu continues to be an important cultural and religious landmark for Hindus, and is a popular tourist attraction in India. The legend of Ram Setu is also celebrated in many cultural events and festivals, including the Ram Navami festival, which marks Lord Rama’s birthday.

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